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U.s. 31, Yemen 24, Us 11, Afghanistan 7, Warner 6, Brown 4, Johnson 3, Ester Dyson 3, Pakistan 3, China 3, Dubai 3, Alvin Ailey 3, Chevron 2, Saffo 2, Jaron Lanier 2, Obama 2, Mr. Barrett 2, Richard Barrett 2, Iran 2, Paris 2,
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  WETA    PBS News Hour    News/Business. Jim Lehrer.  
    (2010) New. (CC) (Stereo)  

    January 4, 2010
    7:00 - 8:00pm EST  

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captning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productio >> woodruff: good eveng. i'm judy woodruff. new names have been addeto the terror wat list and no-fly st after the failed bomb plo on christmas day. ifill: ani'm gwen ifill. on the nshour tonight, u.s. officials demand stringentew security for international travelers as passenger screenings a ramped up at airports here, but n erywhere around the world. >> wdruff: what to do about yemen, an impoverished natn
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now labelea major terrorism that. >> the instabili in yemen is a threat to regional stality aneven global stability. >> ifill: th, new political turmoiin afghanistan. rgaret warner talks with the afghan ambassador thenited states. >> woodruff: a jeffrey bwn ofile of the dancer who has be at the helm of the alvin ailey company fotwo decades, and is now spping down. >> people don'remember me for hohigh my legs were. they remember me a any other ncer because something touched em inside. >> ifill: d the gadgets that have changed our lives, d what the next decade hos. >> woodruff: that's all ahd on night's "pbs newshour." major fundg for the pbs newshours provided by: >> what the world needs now energy. thenergy to get theconomy
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humming agai the energyo tackle challenges like climate change. what if that ergy came from an energy company? every day, chevron invests $ million in peoe, in ideas-- seeking, tching, building. eling growth around the worl to movus all ahead. is is the power of human energy. chevron. >> we are intelsponsors of tomorrow.
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and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supporng science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial literacy in the 21st century and with the ongoing sport of these initutions and foundations. and... this program w made possible byhe corporation for blic broadcasting. and by contribions to your pbs station from viewers like u. thank you. >> woouff: there was more fallout today om the attempted ristmas day attack on an airliner about to landn detroit. u.s. officials expanded lis of potentl terror suspects, and new thres kept western embaies closed in yemen. president obama flew bacto shington from hawaii today id reports that dozens of
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new names are noon a list barred from flng into the u.s. umar farouk abdulmallab of nigeria was not on the no-fl list before hellegedly tried to blow up northwe flight 253 on christmas day. the esident ordered views of theist after the failed bombing. and shortly after his turn to the whi house today he met th john brennan, his top counterterror advir, for an update mr. obama had alady said over the weend that litants in yemen were directly linked to abdulmutallab. >> it pears that he joined anffiliate of al qaeda and that this grp al qaeda in the arabian ninsula trained him, equipped hiwith those explosives and directehim. >> woodruf the u.s. and brith embassies remain closed after that sa al qaeda off-shoot ised new threats on sday. other western embasss
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curtailed activity. and yemeny security forces kill two militants in a raid ouide the capital. back in waington, secretary of state hillary clinton sai the american embassy would reop as conditions permit. and she sa the situation in yemen is a t concern. >> the spillover effec from instability direly impact the neighbors. obviously we seelobal implications frothe war yemen and the ongoin effort by al qaeda in yemen to use it as a basfor terrorist attas far beyond the region. >> woodruff: on sundayrennan, the present's deputy national secury advisor, sa the u.s. will help yemen deal with al qda. >>e're not going to let al qaeda continue to so of make gas in yemen because we need toake whatever steps neceary to proct our
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cizens there as well as abroad. >> could that mean u.s. oops on the grounin yemen? >> we're not talkingbout that at this point at l. >> woodrf: in the meantime, the u.s. govnment is trying to make itougher to get a bomb on a plane. as of today,ravelers bound for thu.s. from 14 countrs ll face full body patdowns and increase luggage screening. exception. the list includes countrie accused of snsoring terror: cuba, iran, sudan, andyria, as well asemen and nigeria plusfghanistan , algeria, iraq, banon, libya, pakistan, saudi arabia, and malia. secretary clton said today her departmentas reviewing its own curity. >> we're lking to see whether those predures need to be chand, upgraded, and thats, you know, my goal as secrety to do everything i
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can to me sure that not only american citizens t, you kn, all people traveling on airlines oany nationality caarve at their destination saly. >> woodruff:ut a number of repos from europe said many airports were noyet following the new rule and flights in and o of newark, new jersey, re still running behind schedultoday after a major curity snafu la night. >> as you n see, it's solute chaos. >>oodruff: a man had by-passed a securi check point triggeng an alert. officials made all passeers in the terminago back rough screening, a delay that lted up to six hours. we get more now on theatest efforts to strenhen air security fm independent aiine analyst david field. >> thank you. woodruff: will it be different for air avelers and which trelers? >> the people who will fl the grtest effects from steps nounced yesterday and
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toy are going be to people coming into the u.s. fm overseas destitions, the countrs mentioned in the report. you'll also see incread screeninat major european gateways such as heathrow, paris, charles de gaul. >>oodruff: it's not just those 14 couries where the pls will change. >> it is primaly those 14 countries but you haveo bear in mind that very few of tse countries have flights had that come nostop into the u.s. they have to go someere else and change. places like frankfurt, plas li london, places like paris. >> woodruff: what is goingo be difrent though in terms each... is it going to be every single pasnger? we mtioned they were saying no exceptis. do you think they literally mean that? >> i think they literallmean that. i think onof the reasons why you're going to see increase securityt european gateways is just in case th don't do it. just in ca they don't keep their word on . every passenger. >> woodruff: todayt was report that some of these european countriesere not yet implementing these n procedures.
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what does that mea how much levere does the u.s. have on thesether cotries to do what we're asking them to do? >> the u.s. atutely has a lot of leverage but it not leverage we're willingo use because it hurtss more than it hts them. if we restrict the numr of flights coming in from fnce just igine the repercussions, imagine the economic effects what we're goi to have to be doing is jaw boninthe european autrities. >> woodruff:o what extent is it your sense at authorities want to keep travers off guard? they're annocing full-body patdowns they're announcing we'reoing to go through your carry-o. but how ch are they going to keep unknown and .... >> one of the good things at the transportation security administrati has been doing r the last three or four years is active chs theory wherparticularly for domestic flights ty'll change the routine andhe protocol day by y or even hour by hour so that t bad guys in ca they're observing wille kept off guard.
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you'reoing to see that i think in lot of u.s. domestic aports. you're gng to see that at newark. saw it yesterday. you're gng to see it at de los and j.f.k.. >> woouff: it's not just international ights coming into the u.s.? >> it's prarily internatiol flights but because of the need f the tsa to assert itself and reassure theublic you will see increa of body scans and so at domeic flights at u.s. airports >> woouff: david field, what frame of mind should travele be in this new set of rcumstances? >> bear your cross proudly. it will beore hassle. you're going to have mortime voted to getting through the airport and getting upo the airplane, particularly for inteational flights and particularly for fghts leavinthe u.s. even though they are not on the list let's say you're going to london to take in couple shows and do se shopping, yore going to have to spend four and five urs at the airport raer than the three or four that you snd now. certaiy for the first couple of months. >> woodruff: and from the
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pele you're talking to, what are the inions out there abt how much more safer they thk air travel will be as a result of this? >> there's no way to tl how much more safe you a because we don'tnow what the threat is. unfortunately the a tends to react to past events rather than future events. i'm not rely sure there's any other way do it. it's vy hard for us to tell whathe bad guys are thinking, what the bad guys are planng, whathe bad guys might do. yohave to go by past eves and just try to keep curnt with them. >> woodruf we know if nothing else psengers will be more vigilant. it was passeers after all that spped this last one. >> tha goodness. >> woodruff:avid field, thank you very much. >> my plsure. >> ifillnow, for the other news of the day, we go to ha sreenivasan in o newsroom. hari? >> sreenivas: five americans held in pakistan todayenied havingies to al-qaeda. ey also insisted they had no beenlotting attacks there. the spects arrived for their
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first court appearancemid tighsecurity. they wore handffs as they tered the building. the five young muslim meare from the whington, d.c., area. they were arrested in eay december. four u. troops were killed on sunday in afghanistan a roadside bombi. they were thfirst american combat deaths the new year. a british ldier died in a separate attack. and iturns out the suicide bomber who killed seven c.a. employees in ahanistan last week was a jordanian. rerts today said he had been reuited to try to infiltrate al-qaeda. ime minister nouri al-maliki vowed today to keep the at on private guds who worked for blackwater.s.a. five guards re accused of killing 14 civilns in baghdad in 2007. but last week, a federaludge in washingtothrew out the charges. toda maliki promised lawsuits both american and iraqi courts. >> for our part, we have de what is necessary to proct our citizens ando punish those o committed the crime. we he formed committees and filed a lawsuit ainst the
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black water curity firm. both in america and iraq weon't abandon our right to punish this firm. sreenivasan: the blackwater guards claimed thewere ambushed. osecutors and many iraqis sa the guards use of chine guns and grenades was unpvoked. the first business dayf the new year s a surge in stocks and the price of oil. wall street surged on encouraging news about manufacturing in the u.sand china. the dow jones dustrial average ined nearly 156 points to close just under0,584. the nasdaq rose 39 pointto ose at 230 and oiclosed above $81 a barrelor the first time in nely three months, as frigid weather gripped the stern u.s. d drove up demand. the number of bankrucies in the u.s. rose 32% in 2009. the associat press reported todaconsumers and businesses filed more than 1.4 miion bankptcy petitions. e number of cases fell sharp in 2006 after ngress overhauled u. bankruptcy laws, but they've been rising ever nce.
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the tallest ilding on earth formally opened today dubai. we have a report nrated by sally biulph of independent televion news. >> a celebration whi measured up to the size ofhe buildi. ♪ firerks and fanfare heralded the officialpening of the world's largest tower in dubai. the surrounding sky scrapers and every other famo building across the rld. you ne three ifill towers end to e and nine big bens toven get close. it'sore than half a mile tall. well, 828 meters tbe exact. it has enough steel to span halfwaaround the globe. thundereby dubai's financial boom years the towers opening againsa back drop of bu. >> t message is that we bud for years to come . cres come and go. the world hagone through two
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yes of difficult times. we have ho and optimism. we must move on. >>eporter: it is home to more than thousand flats, a hol and offices but not all of them aroccupy. what's more, the tower isn even finished. these piures show parts of the insi on new year's eve. since then the's been a mad rush to get thgs ship shape. there wasn't evea hint of last-minuttouches at the opening ceremony. dubai knew the worldas watchingnd it put on quite a show. this wasn't st about the building. it was about how the cy wants to be viewed. powerful and opulent, oasis in the dert. sreenivasan: the new tower dui far outsizes the tallest building in the u.s. the burj khalifa is nearly00 meters talr than chicago's willis tower, formerly kno as the ses tower. it's also more thatwice the heightf the empire state building inew york city. a huge oil spilln china has forced morthan 800,000 people to stop drinking water frothe yellow rer.
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last wednesday, a brok pipeline dumped 10tons of diesel fueinto the wei river which feeds into theellow. the yellowiver is the main water source for millis of people. china's waterws are ranked among the most heavi polluted in t world. those arsome of the day's main stories. i'll be back at e end of the program with a preview owhat you'll find tonight on the newshour's web site. but for now, back to gn. >> ifill: and still to come the newshour, the afgh government in disarray; celebrating decades ofance with the ain ailey company; and the technology that will change your life ithe next decade. that follows a closer look a why yemen is home to the latt qaeda threat. for mostmericans the small country of yem south of saudi arabia waselatively obure until october of 2000. that's when two suicide bombers attacked t u.s. navy destroyer cole in the lf of aden. 17 americansere killed. now yemen is in the oss hairs once ain after an al
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qaeda off-shoot the claimed responbility for the attempt bomb a u.s. passenger jet on christm day. >> t situation in yemen is a top concern. ifill: secretary of state clintosummed up the situation today afr meeting with the prime minter of katar. >> the instability iyemen is a threato regional stability and even global ability. we're working on ... with kar and others tthink of the best way forward to y to deal with the security concern. >> ifill: part challenge is that yen is the araborld's poorest country. more than a ird of its 23 million ople are without wo. the country has also sufred decades-long civil war involving peodic rebellion and insurgency along t border witsaudi arabia and the frontier between thence dif divid north and south. the situation grew worsehen
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two dozen terror suspects escad from a high-security pron in 2006. since then, al qae's yemen arm has claimed responbility for trying to kill aember of the saudi royal family las august and f attacking the u.s. embassyn 2008. 19 people were kled. the u. stepped up military and intelligence aide to7 million dollars st year and planned to double this year. over t weekend, u.s. general david petraeuset with yemeny presidt. he praised last month'raids that killed 60 militants >> indeed there has been aring of intellince, of information and so for two ways. it's a two-way street cause the intelligenceources of yemen are veryvery good as well >> ifi: president obama also pledged his suort to drive al qaeda from yemen inis weekly radio address
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r more on the al qaeda threa in yem, we turn to richard barrett, the crdinator of the qaeda monitoring team at th united natio. he returned fr yemen in mid- december. and gregory hnsen, a yemen scholar at prieton university. he travels to thcountry frequent and was last there in the summer. professor johnson, wt do we know, if anything, abo the nature of this threat that w suspted involving the emssy closures? >> wel we don't know a great deal. it's being reported thathe gem yemeny militarlost about six trks. thers a concern that al qaeda militants may have captured theserucks which held munitions andrms. this is someing that al qaeda has done reatedly when general petraeus last vited the untry in july of 2009 i was in t country at the time in yemen a general petraeus really bught the message to the presidt there that you need to take t fight to al qaed the esident responded quite quickly. he dispatcd military to file
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al qda. the army performed poorly d al qaeda tootrucks that time well. >> ifill: mr. barrett, expin to us exactly at the history is of why it ithat yemenof all places, wod become a hot d for suspected al qaeda terrorism. >> wl, as you said in your rlier report, it's been sociated with al qaeda for some years. indeed, the attack ou.s.s. cole in 2000 was a pretty seminal evt for al qaeda. that was a big network behin that. and many yemen have gone to afghan , pakistanorder area to find. indeed eye rook well. in particular. it started in 2004- 2005. e of the reasons for that is the yemenyuthorities relied on some sort of associatio with the tribes to mane the country. there are ma weaknesss in the countras you pointed out earlier. without a close associatn to the tribes is difficult for e central authorities to sort of dealith any of them.
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so the al qaeda groups hav been able to form allices emselves with the tribes. some of them are members of these tribes too. in a way sort of take advante of the hospitality offered by the tribes. in particular since e saudi authorities have bn so successalf in pushing al qaedout to saudi arabia, yemen has come a sort of focus for regional aivity. i think that the joining of al qaeda inaudi arabia with al qaeda in yemen in januar2009 really ge the groups there a real boost to think, yes, ey could perfm acts outside the territy of yemen. >> ill: professor johnson, how ny people are we talking abt? hundreds? thousands? dozens? >> it's really difficu to tell. the estimate of out 300 individuals or around at number is fairly accate but the problem with that nuer that it's a little misleading. so ts nigerian individual who, the would-be bomberho attempted toring down the aiiner. he wouldn't ha been among
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the three 300 individuals. the two suicide bombers yemen that carri out attacks in march of 2009 would not haveeen among the number in the low ndreds. you ally have a problem where you have indivuals who self-identify al qaeda as well as a great number of ople around them who are easily radicized, easily recruited be suicide bombers and offer material support tol qaeda. >> ifill: let ask you about e u.s. role. weaw general petraeus go there this weend and we know that there have been lots of convertions and encouragement om the u.s. toward the yemeny government are they stepping to do what the u.swould like to see them tdo to eradicate is? >>e're talking about al qaeda yemen, i think it's important to rember that wee dealing with really the second incaration of al eda there. the u.s. and yemeny governmes cooperated quite closely afteseptember 11 and did very good job of destroying the organizion. but really lasvigilance by the yemeny as wells the u.s.
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vernment allowed al qaeda following thprison break that you talked about in you report treally rebld and essentially resurrect itlf up from the hes. >> mr. bartt, we talked about laed vigilance. also we ha heard about peop who not only have brokenut of prison but detainees om guantanamo who were reased back to yemen. six of the 97 who wereeing ld there. has that also served to ke al qae flourish? >> well, indeed. one of the senior so of theogians if you can grace him with that tie is somebody whoe was in guantana. two of theaudi arabians who joined with the yemeny branch in january of last yr were ex-guantano. one of them now has gone bac to saudi arabia d given himself . solearly there are these people whore prepared to continue the fight. but i think when y look at l the people who have been throh the saudi program and indeed a the people who have comeut of guantanamo still fairly low numbethat have gone back to support terrorism. i ink now there's a challenge though.
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of course with the 90-od ople that remain in guantanamo who are yemen as to what will happen wi them whenhe facility there is finay closed. ifill: professor johnson, do this sound familiar to u at all to what we're going throh with pakistan which is trying to get the govement toooperate in rooting out cells and ether the government cooperates depend a lot on h much ud aid is coming their way? >> yeah, i think that'a very good parallel. i think it should be point out that there areo easy or obvious solutions en it mes to dealing with al qaeda in yemen the united states shouldt be der any illusions. it's not going to defeat al qaeda there today,omorrow, ne month or even next year. al qaedahere just too strong and to entrenched tre's really no magic missile swer to the problem of al qda. it is going to te a great al of patience. it's going to take a vy knew understanded lalized and a multaceted response by the united stas. >> ifill:
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mr. barrett,e had a former ambassar to yemen on the proam last year. she saide needed to get ahead the failure curve. can you fine for us what you think that might mean. >> yeah. i think at there's still a problem exposing al qaeda r what it is truly is. it's just real a criminal organization thaexploits people's sse of lack of justice orhatever grievance they have. to say that all slims are derattack from the west. when you looat the facts it's prettclear immediately that in fact mt of the viims of al qaeda-related rrorism are muslims in musl majority countries. between 2006-2008, 98% of victims of al qaa-related terrorism wereuslims in slim-majority countries. we need to get aheadf the failure rve by trying to undermine the appeal that qaeda still ha i mean it'all very well to kill some ofhe leaders and op suicide bombings. i think that's excellent wor
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at the same time you have to stop the generion, if you like, of new al qaeda supporters and leaders cing thugh. >> ifill: profesr johnson, are we being sious enough and pang attention to the warnings? we know there was a previous bombing ofhe u.s. embassy. we know the was an attempt on the saudi ral family. we know that thereave been these prison breaks. s the u.s. been paying close enough attention sce the cole bombing to the threat there? >> u. attention there has really wax and waned. it's something that immediately after septber 11 it's areat priority and the u.s. puts a loof aid in. after november 23 when it looks as tugh the problem s been defeated, u.s. aid rt of retreats and goes elsewhere. after the embassy mbing in 2008, u.s. a is there once again. when i was in yemen and talk to a number of differe individuals fromhe government, om journalists, ibesmen, everyone really told me the same thing. at is there is a great and growing fear in yemen at if
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the al qaeda proem were to go away, u.s. aid d u.s. interest in yemen would also go ahead. >>fill: gregory johnson at prceton and richard barrett the united nations, thank you both very much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: now aolitical storm in afghanian. >> wdruff: now, a political storm in afghanian, and to margaret warner. >> warner: saturday's vote i the afghan parliament was stinging rebe to president hamid kaai, rejecting 17 of his cabinet nominees. the prize move csed new disarray. two months aer karzai was clared winner of a presential election plagued byraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter bak so it ve on a new list of nomine that he's now preparing. 's under pressure to show progress igoverning by january 28 wn an inrnational conference on the afghan missi convenes in lond. among the rejected nominees was inuential word lord khan
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and e only woman karzai had named. lawmers criticized many on the list as unqualied litical cronies. sevel holdovers in vital posts were approd. among th the defense minister and the minisr of interior. along with the ministe of finance, educati, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassor today and asked him how bia setbk this was to karzai. >> imay be a temporary setback for e president but it's a step forwd for the democracy in afgnistan. it's really happy fothe parliament of afghistan to do theirob the way they are supposedo be doing. >> warner: that seems like strange reacti. a tback for the president but you think it's a good thing? >> we are buding institions. we are building ste in afghanistan. we havto keep focus on the long-tm prospects of demoacy and pluralism in afghanistan. we will have setbacks inur way rward, both for the president and for e
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parliament. but if you keep focus and ve the institions do their jobs the way theyre supposed to doing, the country will be betterff. >> warner: why do you think many were rejected? what message was parlient tryingo send? >> frankly i was surprised a the rejections bause a number of the miniers who are rejected belong to individuals orowerful fractions th have also strongresence in the parliament of afghistan. the message of the parliamen is sendings that they would ke to see qualified afghan occu these jobs at the afghan cabinet. >> warr: do you think some of them were in fact unqualified and were just chosen becse they were ther of president karzai's political base or were esseially, some have said, puppets of other powerl figures that had helped hiin the eltion or whose support thinks he needs now? >> the nomation of those misters to the parliament was not dierent from anywhere in the wod. we have people who are tru qualified for these jobs and
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we have peop who ve strong political influence. all have ctributed to the cotry like anywhere in the world. this is the stanrd case in afghistan or anywhere else. but the paiament chooseto be strict and approve only those who met e criteria of merit. which is a good step for afghanistan. >> warner:ow, there is a theory that prident karzai is actually relied that he went ahead a made these appointments tt he felt he had to, to pay off people o d helped him. the parliament then essentially did the rty work of rejecting the unqualified ones and now he can back and point others. >> this is theeality of afghanistan as i menoned. now the presidt once again has a chance to intruce those who are consideredo be better qualified to do the job. >> warner:here does this leave e government in the meantime? the departg head of the u.n. missn said at least
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afanistan is still without a functioning governme which has en going on for way too long. >> i thinkhe key ministers of ... that are in charge of the security, dense, agriculture,ducation, and finance have been approved so they will carryn their duties. as f as the other ministries, these armore technical jobs that could be rried out by the vice ministe or deputy minists. i do relate to the concern that i havindicated. would like to see things mong much faster. but i thk if we start the right y even if it takes a bit longer, in the end we wi be betr off. >> warne the president is now working on a new list. >> yes, he is. that list wi be ready by sund. >> warner: whakinds of people is he going to name this time? willhey be a new sort or will he just reshuffle theld names? >> it wi be the same way that's been done everywherin the world. there will be people aointed based on merit. but the litical realities of
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afghanistan are so something that the president and the rest of the international community in ahanistan has to deal with it. so the will be people that will be probab renominated or newly ninated because of their political influenc and itill be up to the parlment to decide which way they want to take the untry. >> warner:o people who are expecting a radically new approachn the next list are going be disappointed? >> no. it is easy to come up th a veryadical list but it wl t be effective in ghanistan. afghanisn, we're not dealing with..to revolutionize the states in afghanista we are blding the state institutio in afghanistan with the limited conraint... with theonstraint that we faces far as shortage of capital, limited enforceme capability againstndesirable elemen so that all of that will be rt of the equation that 'll be dealing with in afanistan for many years to come. >> warner: t president is... president karzais going to
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this lonn-afghanistan conference at the end this nth. the international donors of troops and money we hoping th he would come with a new te with plans and, in fact, progress already underway in making ts a more competent and fective government. what are they going toee now? >> afghan people pliament of afanistan is serious about eing reform being implemented in afgnistan. i think this is the nd of message that thewould like to her warner: mr. ambassador, thank you. >> thank you. my pleure. >> ifill: next, a remarkable dancer, and the rerkable company she help build. jeffrey brown has our story. ♪. >> brown: from t beginning 51 years ago the alv ailey american dance theat has
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been a celration of african- american cture and black dancers and choreographe who found few opportunities elseere to work. ♪ on a recennight at the city center theer in new york, the lebration continued. now focused on the woman who has long been the fa of the company, judith jamin, daer, choreographer and artistic directowho has just announced she's epping down nextear. >> wt we tried to do is press our humanity as we're showing you these not just stepbut we're showing you parts of lif our movement to what we' doing.... >> bro: you're showing parts of life. >> we are. in its absact form. >> brown: jamison ew up in philelphia, her father a carpenter, herother a school teher.
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shbegan to dance at age 6. hefirst stage was a sheet on a backyard cloth line. at homshe learned her mantra for success. >> prayer, prere and proceed. >> brown: prayer, prepare d proceed. >>here's always a lot of prayer in my house. preparing, gosh, if yostart dancing when you're siyears old, you kno i think that's eparing. >> brown: and then proce. >> proceed meanshen the curtain goes up, you go for with excelnce. with confidenc i mean the curta goes up on your life everydayyou open your eyes and thcurtain is up. >> brown: shmade her debut with the american bl jay theater in 1964 and then met the man who would change h life alvin ailey, the founr of the company and the cator of such landmark works as revelation for 15 years jamis, 5'10" tall, full bodied, feaess on
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stage,as the most famous dancer in the company and e ofhe most famous in the world. her gnature piece, a 16-minute solo core yog raf byiley was titled "pride." when ailey died in 198 jamin succeeded him. she had stoppedancing the yearefore. she talked to the newshour charlayne hunter-gault then about r goals. >> mr. aey was so specific about his africaamerican herige that what he had to say through vement became universal because spoke to the human conditio if revolutions was done in russia, todo or tokyo, everyone understood what tt message was abt. what i'd like do in the ailey is contie that history but not ke the alvin ailey amican dance theater a museum. >> brown: 20 yrs later at ag66, she says this. >>
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the changes have been at i've made my selections,y choices on what balls would come in and who the dancs would be. but still adring to that inial vision that said we ould celebrate the african- american ctural expression and experience in e modern dance traditn of our country. >> brown: i was reading your memoir. you sain there that alvin ailey used to speak of what called blood memory. whatoes that mean? >> thameans look to your ancestors before youook ahead. it informs you. it gives you a root. it gives y a basis to stand on. you know where you come fr. it gives you... you're not sanding on stand. u're standing on rock, on solid ground. >> brown: five years ago t mpany built its own office d rehearsal space in midtown manhattan, eight floors, 77,0 square feet, said to be the largest building dediced solely tdance in the u.s.
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thousands of cldren and adults take classes there. classical ballet. african. and the hoon, a style of modern dce named for ailey's mentor. jamison hahelped make ailey an intertional brand. 30 professional dancs tour constantly. to de the company has performed in 7countries for an estimated 23 million people. >> please welcome e alvin ailey american danceheater. ( applause ) >> brown: anlast year they appeared on the popur abc prime timehow dancing with the stars. jamisowas skeptical at first but thename around. >> the wor is full of ways for people to dae. when we get r opportunities, there we are. >> brown: i oftefind when
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i'm talking to people at dance fomany people seems the haest one to get. the least accessible. >> yes. >> brown: they don get it. >>hat's okay. brown: that's okay? >> yesjust fine. all we wanyou to do to ... is get inhe theater. there's nothing like live performance. >> brown: you have to remeer at there's no test at the end of it. it's like lookinat a painter, yoknow. yolook at a painting. you gesomething from it. or you don't. it moves your it doesn't moveou. there's nody strapping you in your seat and saying yove got to get this. >> brown: amid t current celebration tore jamis, the sear for a new leader for alviailey continues. she says she's cfident about the company's ture. >> we will continue toe inclusive and to engage the community and the world towa us understanding that 're all the same under the sn.
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>> brown: i'wondering about the young dancers who me to you now. do ty know the past? do they re in the same way about the mission you were talking about? >> they do. they have to. ey have to otherwise what are they danng here for? the's no point. if you're justere to see w many piroutes you can do or how high you can raise yr leg or how high you cajump, that's not what gis memories. people don't remember me f how high my legs weneven ough went up very high and homany pirouettes i did, th don't remember me for that. they remember me and any oer dancer because something touched them inside. it an indelible memory on the heart and in the min >> brown: judith jamison w't say what's next for her t promises more surises. the alvin aiy american dance thear will celebrate her legacy throuout the coming year.
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>> woodruff:inally tonight, ray suarez looks back and ead after a decade in which technology transform our lives. >> srez: back in 2000 fewer than half americans we online. today 77of adults are. last yr more than half used wirelessnternet. according the pew research center, desktop mputers were increasing replaced by laops. smart phones like thblack berrand i-phone allowed users to access informion and each oth instantly. the decadeaw the rise of search engine gole, apple trsformed the music industry with the i-pod. media fromusic to newspapers to television bece available on demand giving consurs moreontrol over what they saw and when ty saw it. social networks su as face book and twitt created virt qal spaces for people to coect with one another.
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cell phone videoand on-line communits have helped spread news from cled societies such as the recent anti-goverent protests in iran. now for a look athe impact of the technological ifts, we're joined by jan lanier, a comput scientist and author of the forthcoming book, ou are not a gadg." esther don, chairman of edventure holdingswhich invests in technology stt-ups. anpaul saffo, a technology forecasternd consulting pressor at stanford university. ester dyso the tools we use to communicate have tten smaller and faster and smarte as you look ck at the last ten years wh was the biggest development or the biggest change? >> the biggest one was n just the internet but e internet becoming acssible everywhere, ether it was wi-fi work, on your cell phone, as you aveled. people had it at home with broadband. there was a big chge. it used to be people used e internetrimarily at work beuse that's where they had
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a good connectio now theye using it at home. and thsecond big change is they used itot just to get informatiobut to communicate with one another. sot became not simply an informatioexchange but a personalxchange, mmunication mechism. peopletarted talking and sending out information as well as ceiving it. >> suaz: professor saffo, the biest change or advance in the last ten years? >> i think ester got iright. it's just the sheer magnite of what haened. it really came down to srch, socialedia and smart phones. the fact that search was fre and th social media was everyone talking to eryone else. don't underestimate thphone size. rememb, in 1999, there were 500 million cell phoneon this planet. today it's at 5 billion. that number oks to grow at about a billion a year all of them will bsmart.
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>>uarez: finally jaron lanier what ands out for you when t last ten years? >> technology now iequalized the sense that what people can do themselves en they make a video it looks about the same on the reen as a video that comesrom a traditional television srce. sohere's this sense in which everyone h become part of the conversation. that's extraordinary >> suarez: b by everybody beinin on the conversation, does it become hder to consume if everybody is is film maker, a musivideo producer, a desktop publishe does t tu become too stuffed withough? >>ell, you know, when it was all getting started at lea wh i hoped is that everybody would turn out twant to be a creator, which did tn out to be true. many people thoughthat wodn't hatchen. i think th's the happiest surprise. but on the oer hand, the inner sort oconsumer
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identity got the bt of people. everybody just wts things for ee. that's created this range kind of cheaess to everybody, whe everything becomes throw- away and people i thk have started tondervalue things mae because there's too many, maybe becausit's too easy to ke. i think mostly just beuse somehow that's t pattern that got set. i ink that's regrettable. >> suarez: ester dysonperil or promise in a world where more andore people are creators? >> it ans that if the past decade was the dade of searching and fiing and lookg for stuff, this coming deca will be the decade of filterinand going to your friends for recommendations. people areoing to have to create smartefaults so that other people still have a choice. but if they find it all too nfusing or they just want meone else to make a choice there's a default that works pretty well. this conpt of libertarian
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paternalis it's hdy. people nd to understand that the technology is for them. it's not to them it's notver them. people still setimes want to be led a little too much. th have to understand that th can reject it. they can turn f their cell phone. they can sp looking at their email. it's tre if they want it. it's not bei forced on them. seeing it as a tl not as an erwhelming obligation. i ju spent seven days answerinall my emails so i shouldt be talking. that's what yoshould do. suarez: professor saffo, is that the way is working out? doeople feel they can turn evything off or is it changing the w we live and interact with thtools and the machin we use? >> wl, what's really going on he is this is a media shift. it's comparae to what happened in the 50s and the
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birth of ectronic mass media back then. is is the birth of a new kind of personal med. insteaof we're all watching e program. we're all watchingach other. e history of media makes it really clear. enever we have a big innovation the first wavof uff we do is pretty crummy. thprinting press gave us pornography,heap thrillers and how-to boo. television gave us the vast wastland and this new area of personal dia has given us a vaster wasteland. luy for us there's really wondful stuff in it. if history is any guidas the medimatures the quality will continue to go up. >> jaron lanier there is a shakeout along with e cheapness you meioned and the transition that profesr saffo ntioned , where's the end point? do we reach it in the nexten years? >> you know,'d like to see us shake in instd of a shakeout in the sense th it's truthat there's a lot
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of junk onlinend we have to filter in anso forth. you know the thing thareally disappoints me is that we dn't create enough jobs just to be very blunt aboutt. teyears ago what i thought was that thenternet was becomi a major new american indust. what thawould bring with it was in way a replacement for the fading arican industries like our ao industry and our display dustry. and we'vreconceived of it as somethinthat is in a sense economic. we treat it as this sort of frivolous y to send things around f free. it's all ithe service of advertising. >> suarez: butou keep using the word for free. isn't that why ididn't eate any jobs. if you turn peop into unpaid journalis, photographers, painte, music video producers, that's it. it's unpaid. how could it create a job. >> bloggs or popular twters for that matter. i think we really made a mistake in separating e intern from capitalism in a
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certaiway that is bador our country. remember just before tt we had made sort of a national desion that we wanted to be this intellectual property couny where we would have thingsanufactured in china but we do the degn and the creati stuff. now what we've done is wve forgotten that that'what we want. we're making t intellectual stuff mo and more free. we're sort of left with le and less. it's just t tenable. we have to decide one y or the other and really do something to earn our keep i think that a huge problem ght now. >> suaz: ester dyson for government s that want to do so is it ssible to shut off the flow of informion or is information going toquirt out from ery knock and cranny no matter wt totalitarian or authitarian governme wants to do. >> l me answer that question as no governmentcan't stop . but th can try hard. let'go back to what jaron was saying. i wanto respectfully
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sagree. the internet is anncredible busine tool. first of all, the internet slashed the cell phone. e cell phone is just another way to get ait. i think it having a huge pact in africa in particular where it enableseople, suddenlyhey know crop pres. th can communicate. it makes their lives more efficient. it's not that you have jobs the internetbut the internet makes it possible for re people to build thr own jobs. wh it does , erodes the power ofnstitutions. used to be you needed an initution to have a job. if youook at the three of us on this show don't think any ofus really employed by an institution. we r our own lives. we me bookings through email. e internet has given each of us the power that yoneeded three cretaries to have. d an institution behind you. and it's not just ifou're a pundit. if you're a carpenter, youan
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go online and find customers if you are making ms at home, you can go online and ll em to people. the great thing is it allows you create your own job. not justook for jobs other people are goingo give you. th combined with the american srit i think is going to hp us come out of the recessiofaster than other countries. i think it's going to lp africa come out of, you know a century oflump. >> suarez: jumping off.. >> could respond? >> suaz: we have about a minute-and-half left. let's lean forward a look at the nexten years. ofessor saffo. >> well, the revolution in thisecade has been the rival of censors. we invented our computers in e '80s, networked them in the '90s. now 're giving them eyes, ears and sense ory organs. we're asking them to manipulate the worldn our
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behalf. next fe years will be bots. in the same wathat the web amacedeople in the early '90s a the p.c. amazed people in the '80s there's a robot brewing just or the horizon. >> suarez: jaron lanie >> ihink this will be so fun. if you think aut the avatar moe which many people are joying, imagine in ten years you'll be able to make up stuff athat level of inteity yourself. i think in ten years no kid who can't make usomething like avatar in an afternoois going to be able to get a date. th will be just great. >> srez: and finally ester dyson. >> i think what paul said is right but a lot of those nsors will be on us. we'll monitoring our own ood pressure. i hope instead of needing health care,e will at least somef us be able to manage our own health and reducthe need for heah care rather th try and fight the costs of it. suarez: ester dyson, jan lanier, paul saffo, thk you all. >> tnk you.
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thanks. >> ifill: again,he major developments of e day. u.s. officials expded a watch list of terror suspects ana list of peoplearred from flying into the u.s. the u.s. and british embsies in yemen werclosed for a seco day after new threats from al-qaeda. and wall street got off a go start for 2010. the dow jones industrial avege gained nearly 156 points the newshour is always onle. hari sreenasan, in our newsom, previews what's there. ri? >> sreenivasanyou can hear an interview with sib audi, a senior anchor for thal-arabiya news network, abt the opening of the world's talle skyscraper in duba we have a closer looat the bassy closures in yemen from global post report stationed there. d you can watch more of jeff interviewith judith jamison, plus her 1990 conversationith former newshr correspondent charlayne hunter glt. that's on our art be page, where we ao have performance clips from the alvin aey american dan theater. all that a more is on our web site, newsho.pbs.org.
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judy? >> woodruff: and that'the newshouror tonight. i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gw ifill. we'll seyou online, and again here tomorrow evening. thank you, and gd night. jor funding for the pbs newshour is proved by:
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bnsf, thengine that connects us. >> cheon. this is the wer of human energy. intel. supporting coverage of innovation and the ecomy. >> and by the bill and melin gates foundation dedicated to the idea thatll people deserve the chancto live a healthy, prodtive life. and with thengoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made poible by the corporaon for public broadcaing. and contributions to your pbs station fr viewers like you. thank u.
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